Using microscopes, plant and animal cell, specialised cells, movement of substances and unicellular organisms.
Structure and function of body systems –
Levels of organisation, gas exchange, breathing, skeleton, movement of the body with joints and muscles.
Adolescence, male and female reproductive systems, fertilisation and implantation, development of the fetus, the menstrual cycle, flowers and pollination, fertilisation and germination and seed dispersal.
|Particles and their behaviour –
The particle model, states of matter, melting and freezing, boiling, more changes of state, diffusion, and gas pressure.
Elements, atoms and compounds – Elements, atoms, compounds, and chemical formulae.
Chemical reactions, word equations, burning fuels, thermal decomposition, conservation of mass, endothermic and exothermic reactions.
Acids and alkalis –
Acids and alkalis, indicators and pH, neutralisation, and making salt.
Forces, squashing and stretching, drag forces and friction, forces at a distance, and balanced and unbalanced forces.
Waves, sound and energy transfers, loudness and pitch, detecting sound and echoes and ultrasounds.
Light, reflection, refraction, the eye and camera and colour.
The night sky, the solar system, the earth, the moon.
|Health and lifestyle –
Nutrients, food tests, unhealthy diet, digestive system, bacteria and enzymes in digestion, drugs, alcohol, and smoking.
Ecosystem process –
Photosynthesis, leaves, plant minerals, chemosynthesis, aerobic respiration, anaerobic respiration, food chains and webs, distribution to food chains and webs, and ecosystems.
Adaptations and inheritance – Competition and adaptation, adapting to change, variation, continuous and discontinuous, inheritance, natural selection and extinction.
|The periodic table –
Metals and non-metals, groups and periods, the elements of group 1, the elements of group 7, the elements of group 0.
Separation techniques –
Mixtures, solutions, solubility, filtration, evaporation and distillation, and chromatography.
Metals and acids –
Acids and metals, metals and oxygen, metals and water, metal displacement reactions, extracting metals, ceramics, polymers, and composites.
The Earth –
The Earth and its atmosphere, sedimentary rocks, igneous and metamorphic rocks, the rock cycle, the carbon cycle, climate change and recycling.
|Electricity and magnetism –
Charging up, circuits and current, potential difference, series and parallel, resistance, magnets and magnetic fields, electromagnets and using electromagnets.
Foods and fuels, energy adds up, energy and temperature, energy transfer in particles, energy transfer in radiation, energy resources, energy and power and work, energy and machines.
Motion and pressure –
Speed, motion graphs, pressure in gases, pressure in liquids, pressure on solid and turning forces.