Curriculum Outline

Year 7
Biology Chemistry
Cells –

Using microscopes, plant and animal cell, specialised cells, movement of substances and unicellular organisms.

Structure and function of body systems –

Levels of organisation, gas exchange, breathing, skeleton, movement of the body with joints and muscles.

Reproduction –

Adolescence, male and female reproductive systems, fertilisation and implantation, development of the fetus, the menstrual cycle, flowers and pollination, fertilisation and germination and seed dispersal.

Particles and their behaviour –

The particle model, states of matter, melting and freezing, boiling, more changes of state, diffusion, and gas pressure.

Elements, atoms and compounds – Elements, atoms, compounds, and chemical formulae.

Reactions –

Chemical reactions, word equations, burning fuels, thermal decomposition, conservation of mass, endothermic and exothermic reactions.

Acids and alkalis –

Acids and alkalis, indicators and pH, neutralisation, and making salt.

Forces –

Forces, squashing and stretching, drag forces and friction, forces at a distance, and balanced and unbalanced forces.

Sound –

Waves, sound and energy transfers, loudness and pitch, detecting sound and echoes and ultrasounds.

Light –

Light, reflection, refraction, the eye and camera and colour.


The night sky, the solar system, the earth, the moon.


Year 8
Biology Chemistry
Health and lifestyle –

Nutrients, food tests, unhealthy diet, digestive system, bacteria and enzymes in digestion, drugs, alcohol, and smoking.

Ecosystem process –

Photosynthesis, leaves, plant minerals, chemosynthesis, aerobic respiration, anaerobic respiration, food chains and webs, distribution to food chains and webs, and ecosystems.

Adaptations and inheritance – Competition and adaptation, adapting to change, variation, continuous and discontinuous, inheritance, natural selection and extinction.

The periodic table –

Metals and non-metals, groups and periods, the elements of group 1, the elements of group 7, the elements of group 0.

Separation techniques –

Mixtures, solutions, solubility, filtration, evaporation and distillation, and chromatography.

Metals and acids –

Acids and metals, metals and oxygen, metals and water, metal displacement reactions, extracting metals, ceramics, polymers, and composites.

The Earth –

The Earth and its atmosphere, sedimentary rocks, igneous and metamorphic rocks, the rock cycle, the carbon cycle, climate change and recycling.

Electricity and magnetism –

Charging up, circuits and current, potential difference, series and parallel, resistance, magnets and magnetic fields, electromagnets and using electromagnets.

Energy –

Foods and fuels, energy adds up, energy and temperature, energy transfer in particles, energy transfer in radiation, energy resources, energy and power and work, energy and machines.

Motion and pressure –

Speed, motion graphs, pressure in gases, pressure in liquids, pressure on solid and turning forces.